Dewey's Experience an EDucation
Dewy has attempted to redconcile the opposition between progressive and traditional education. Progressive education, says Dewey is a critic on traditional education . It simply negates progressive education. But negating something is not enough, and progressive education has to develop its own methods and contents.
Dewey argues that without understanding the nature of human experience and defining the theory of experience we can’t develop progressive educational system . According to Dewey Education basically is a kind of experience. And he argues that progressive education has to develop itsels as a type of experience different from traditional education. Dewey then explains how he understands experience.
In chapter three of “Education and Experience” he explains that there are two abstract principles which explain the nature of experience--- Continuity and interaction. Continuity is that each experience a person has will influence his future and interaction refers to situational influence on ones experience.
Educational experience should be continuous and it should be interactive. By continuity he means that the experience should lead towards more and more growth, and by interacttion he means how an experience allows us to interact with the society and others, with our situation. Progressive education should device experiences that are both continuous and interactive.
As long as the game goes on with smooth pase the players don’t feel that they are submitting to external imposition but that they are playing the game. If an individual feel that a dicision isn’t fair and he may get angry he will n’t objecting the roles but what he claims is a voilation of rules, to one sided and unfair action, so the rules or conduct of the game are fairly standarized. The change in rules is only made to make it more interesting. Now the over all conclusion drawn is that control of individual actions is effected by the whole situation in which individuals are involved, in which trhey share and of which they are cooperative or interactive part.