Aims of Education
The aims of educational are usually influenced by the potential, economical, social and religious conditions prevailing in the society. However, these aims are of different nature, some of which stay valid for a longer time, such as aim of education are specific and differ from person to person. Now, a brief discussion on some of the ultimate aims of education is as follows.
1. The cultural aim of education:
Past experiences are useful in learning new ones. Therefore, transmission of culture is an important aim of education. Culture includes arts, sciences, religion and the social norms and values which the human race has developed over a long, period of time. Since every nation has a different culture, therefore these values are different for every nation and culture.
2. Progressive aim of education:
Evolution and progressive are the two ultimate realities of life. Man has been progressing since the beginning of the world. A child is born with his/her unique natural endowments and education aims at developing those endowments in conformity with the demands of the society.
Therefore, education not only aims at the transmission of culture but also deems necessary that new ideas and values are also introduced with helps in improving the capabilities and skills of the child, paving the way for a better and happier world.
3. Social efficiency as an aim of education:
Social efficiency as an aim of education targets the sociological as well as psychological aspects of education. Efficiency in social adjustments is the most sought after quality in the modern times because it affects an individual’s whole life. Education must enable a child to participate constructively in the democratic group life, and play different roles effectively and efficiently.
According to Pestalozzi:
“Education is natural, harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers”.
“Education inculcates certain values and principles also prepare a human being for social life”.