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John Dewey

Introduction:

The Revolution: A Novel from Ancient past
John Dewey is one the great and famous thinker of 20th century. His book “Democracy and Education” is one of the most authentic works on education. He was born in America on 25 October 1859. He was awarded degree of PhD at the age of 25 years. Dewy served as a professor of philosophy in many universities of America.
PRAGMATISM:

Taneja (2001) claimed that The term pragmatism is derived from Greek word meaning action from which the words practical and practice have come.. Pragmatists are practical people believing in finishing the book here, solving the problem now making the social contact immediately striking the business deals at once. The emphasis of pragmatism is on action rather then on thought.

Thought is subordinated to action it is made an instrument to find the suitable means for action that is why pragmatism is also called instrumentalism. According to this the thinker is the manipulator not is holder he is engaged in hi…

Meaning of Truth and Allegory of Cave in Plato's Republic

 EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY:

The Revolution: A Novel from prehistoric past
Plato was the most famous Greek philosopher. He was born in Athens, in a noble family. He was the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle. From Socrates, Plato learned the Socratic or dialectic method, which used logic (the use of reason in thought processes) to achieve clear thinking. Plato says that senses are not enough to have the exact knowledge, only through education one can have the exact knowledge.
Plato, in his book the ‘Republic’, has mentioned the Cave allegory. Allegory means something that uses symbols to explain something which is hidden . Cave allegory is basically the search for the ultimate truth. In cave allegory he has used the Sun as the symbol of the ultimate truth; for it is the Sun that gives existence to all physical reality, and likewise it is the God the ultimate truth who illumines the spiritual world.  The true source is sun, which enables everything to exist. However, in a low…

Republic, Plato's Statement on Education

THE REPUBLIC

The Revolution: A prehistoric Novel
Plato, the most famous Greek philosopher, was born in Athens, in a noble family. He was the student of the great thinker and philosopher Socrates and the teacher of the Aristotle. One of the greatest contributions in education is the book of Plato, “The Republic”. As Plato was the student of Socrates so, as a gesture of respect and admiration towards his teacher, he wrote the books in which he used the name of Socrates. In the book, Republic, there are dialogues of Socrates with Glaucon, Adeimentus, Cephalus, Polarmarcus and Thrasymacus. Plato discussed in his book how education should be given to the children. He also discussed in his book how a good guardian of a state should be. But he did not get any attention for his work in Athens. So he went to Sicily where he lived for twelve years. After twelve years he came back to Athens and started his school for philosophers called “Academy”. One of Plato’s students was Aristotle. Plato died …

Plato's Educational Views in Republic

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Topic: The Republic by Plato Introduction: Plato was the famous Greek philosopher. He was born in Athens, in a noble family. He was inspired by Socrates and was being his students. Plato was the teacher of Aristotle the great thinker. Plato served his life for the Educational field. He introduced a great concept of Education in his book “The Republic”.
Introduction of the book “The Republic”: In the book “The Republic” Plato has suggested appropriate kind of Education for the ruling and military classes of community. He presented some logical principles of ethics and politics. His great achievement was “The Republic”. He described some important part of education in this book. He talked about curriculum as well as very beautiful reality of life. In the law Plato repeats that “Education is the first and fairest thing that the best of men can ever have”.
“The Republic” and its different parts: In this book Plato has presented his ideas in following sections. . Enlightenment or unenlightenment …

Allegory of the Cave

Plato was born in 428–427 BC in Athens. He was the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle. He was a Greek philosopher well known for his dialectics approaches of reality. Plato demonstrates at the enlightment of the human being to the ultimate reality of life and which has its own purpose. The parable demonstrates that the human mind is capable to great things, the men tied to the chains are like those individuals who have been driven by society and their parents to look and follow that piece of reality that has been inheritated by their forefathers people generally are followers and encourage to follow the natural path in life and that is something that is with them till they die. Knowledge is the base of thinking from a broad spectrum. The person who was freed from his chains was first made to stand and then look at the raised platform and the fire that was the source of life to all living in the cave. The person doing so is first in a condition of disequilibrium, where hi…

Rousseau: Summary of Emile Book 1

Rousseau Book One (summary)                                                            “Emile” is the famous book written by Rousseau in 1762. It is an imaginary description of the education of a baby named Emile. This book contains five chapters . In the first book Rousseau discussed the physical development and careful nurturing of a baby. In the first book , Rousseau has discussed the development of an infant, where as he describes an infant as the one who cannot speak.Rousseau is of the view that a person is born well by nature and he or she is fashioned by education. His detailed views regarding nurturing of a baby is discussed in below: Baby is dependent                                                        Rousseau is of the view that we are born weak, stupid, and lacking everything so we need the help of some one else around us. All that we lack at birth is given to us by education. An infant can not eat, drink, walk, speaks, and so on by himself so he needs some external help…

How We Think: Dewey

“How we think” By John Dewey.
John Dewey in his book “How w think” argues that thinking is a natural process like breathing and heartbeat. Therefore it is impossible to teach some one to think. However it is possible to help someone thinking. This is the duty of the teacher to provide such kind of encouraging environment which helps the child to stimulate creative thinking. In the fifteenth chapter “the recitation and the training of thought” he discusses the importance of recitation in the process of teaching and learning. During the process the teacher has the closest contact with the students which influence their language habits. It also helps the teacher to provide guidance during the activity which indirectly helps the teacher for observation about the process of teaching and learning. Recitation is an instrument for those teachers who are skillful.             Before discussion on recitation versus reflection it is important to understand the meaning of recitation. It means “t…

Plato's Ideas on Education

PLATO Introduction: Plato was the most famous Greek philosopher. He was born in Athens, in a noble family. He was the pupil of great thinker Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, the great scientist and thinker, Plato was considered the world renowned philosopher. His thinking was influenced by people from generation to generation. History of life: Plato worked a lot and attached greatest importance to the subject of education. In the Republic he compares it with war, the conduct of campaign and the administration of states and counts it as amongst the greatest and most beautiful subject. In this Plato has dealt with education in detail. Although, the Greek old education resulted in a brilliant period of personal achievement and national progress. Plato thinks that this new bond was to be found in ideas, in universal truth and in intelligence through which men were united by nature. Plato considered education is the welfare of both individual and society. Stages: Plato has described differ…

Republic and Education: Plato's Ideas

THE REPUBLIC Plato was the most famous Greek philosopher. He was born in Athens, in a noble family. He was the student of the great thinker Socrates and the teacher of the Aristotle. Plato wrote a very famous book “Republic”. Rousseau as cited in (Khalid, 1996.p.43) States that, if you wish to know what is meant by public education read Plato’s Republic. He discussed in his book how education should be given to the children. But he did not pay any attention for his work in Athens. So he went to Sicily where he lived for twelve years. After twelve years he came back to the Athens and started his school as an “Academy”. It was a time when new philosophical thought was developed and new educational practice was evolved. According to Plato the aim of education is to develop the awareness of both the individual and society. Education should mean at developing this wisdom for ideas in the individuals in whom the ability exists and should plan and direct each individual through the guidance o…